Author Archives: tomlismer

This is It

I have found my ultimate combination of everything:

  • Nikon FE2
  • Nikkor 105mm 2.5, shot between f2.5 and f4.0
  • Kodak TMax 400 (TMY2) – ISO320
  • Kodak XTol 1+1.5, 12′ @ 20’c (5 seconds agitation per minute)
  • Negatives scanned with a Plustek 8200ai (as a negative DNG)
  • Imported into Lightroom for cropping, dust removal, sharpening, basic contrast and brightness, reversal (invert the ‘Tone Curve’ to convert the negative to positive while adding a bit of an ‘s’ shape)
  • Export to Silver Efex Pro for additional manipulations and application of emulated Selenium toning.

I love everything about it.

2018-05-16-Edit

First, I love the 105mm focal length, and the rendition of Nikon’s famous 105mm design. Shooting wide open gives incredible results.

The creamy look and impressive shadow detail of TMax and XTol suit me just fine. It has just the right amount of grain and is sharp without being obnoxious.

There is not much more to say here!

 

Advertisements

How much is good enough: Image Quality (IQ) Olympus OM-D E-M1 vs. Nikon D850

This post attemps to question the need to full frame in order to get pleasing prints. We will examine how the image quality of Olympus OM-D E-M1 with a 16 megapixel m43 sensor stack up against a Nikon D850 possessing a full framed 46 megapixel sensor.

Let’s just get one thing out-of-the-way. As pixel peeping will show, the technical image quality of the full-framed Nikon D850 is demonstrably better than that of the 1st generation Olympus OM-D E-M1.This should be no surprise given the D850 has 3 times the number of pixels on a sensor 3.8 times larger.

What about a final print? Will the superior image quality translate to a more pleasing print? Unfortunately, pretty much all the information on the internet focusses around pixel peeping. This makes sense, as one cannot view a paper print on a computer! What is missing is the ability to compare the printed results of the same picture made by two cameras for whatever sizes the photographer typically prints.

Why should this matter? If you are buying into a system, you may feel safer going with a bigger, heavier and more expensive system than you need because of uncertainty in the quality from smaller formats. If you have multiple systems, you may find yourself lugging around very heavy gear on vacations where the results from a smaller camera might provide sufficient results.

In this post, I will first show what everyone knows – the IQ advantages of the D850 over an OM-D E-M1 based on a test photo. But these results will not necessarily translate to a better print. For myself, I will argue my Olympus is totally sufficient and indistinguishable from the D850. But, I am not everyone, and so I offer you the ability to download test photo RAW files so that you can edit, print to whatever dimension and assess the results yourself.

The Test Photo

My colleague (with a D850) and I used a car for a test photo between his and my Olympus. We chose lenses and settings to produce approximately the same angle of view and depth of field:

  • The Nikon was fitted with a Nikkor 24-70mm 2.8 lens, and the Olympus with a M. Zuiko 25mm lens. To achieve roughly the same angle of view, the Nikkor was adjusted to 50mm.
  • To obtain similar depth of field, a m43 lens must be opened up 2 stops compared to a full frame lens with the same angle of view. Therefore, the Nikkor was set to f8.0 and the M. Zuiko to f4.0. For both these lenses, the respective apertures correspond to peak resolution (see the tests at http://www.lenstip.com).
  • Both cameras were set at ISO200.

 

In both cases, we centered and focussed on the license plate of the vehicle. In Lightroom, both photos were sharpened, cropped to 8×10 proportions and adjusted to approximately the same brightness.

Pixel Peep Comparison – D850 is Better

The Headlight

Double clicking on the photos below and adjusting for equal size you will notice a few things:

 

First, the noise from the Olympus is much more noticeable than that of the Nikon. Second, the Olympus shows some pixelation – particularly in the black hood outline. The gradation of the blue bumper is also noticeably smoother with the Nikon, thereby giving a more three-dimensional feel.

The overall image quality of the D850 is superior.

Pine Needles

Towards the top left portion of the photograph are branches with pine needles and cones. Click on the crops below to compare the full-sized images.

 

The D850, with a higher megapixel count, clearly exhibits significantly greater detail. The E-M1 appears washed out in comparison. Of course, the green pine needles are rendered quite differently (which is “better” is entirely personal opinion).

The D850 is clearly able to resolve far greater details.

Pixel Peep Conclusions

In looking at the above comparisons, one can clearly see superior image quality from the D850. Both resolution and gradation are noticeably better when viewed on a monitor.

Print Comparison – It Depends….

In my entire life, I printed 2 photographs larger than 8×10. I like that size, and don’t really wish to make bigger prints. For myself, I might justify going to a larger sensor and/or more pixels if I could see a discernible difference at viewing distances.

I had made 8×10 prints from my Olympus and my friends D850. Here is what I found.

  • Observing the prints at viewing distance (about 1 meter away), myself and friends could not readily distinguish a difference. In isolation, I don’t think one could reliably guess the which camera took the picture.
  • The difference in gradation was much less noticeable in the final prints.
  • Moving a few inches away from the prints, the clarity pine needles clearly identify the picture taken by the D850. The difference, however, appears diminished compared to viewing on a computer monitor.

 

In my mind, the picture needs to look good at viewing distances, and not necessarily a few inches away. As 8×10 is my size, I am happy to say the image quality of my m43 systems is completely sufficient. I am doubly happy because I really don’t have any need to spend huge amounts of money on camera system upgrades, while I have a very compact and light system to carry around.

How About You?

Let’s say 11×14 or 16×20 is your size. Do you need a full frame sensor? You can test for yourself by downloading RAW and full size pictures from this Google Drive location. If a 16 MP m43 sensor is sufficient, then any current m43 or APS camera system should be plenty good. Feel free to edit them in the tool of your choice, and print to whatever size you like. I only ask that you post your results in the comments below!

If you are interested in low light performance of m43 cameras, have a look at my other post:  Low Light Noise Performance – Can m43 Embarrass Full Frame?

Happy shooting 🙂

p.s. In a comment below, Dennis Mook passed on some links to similar tests he did a few years back. Whereas I compared prints at 8×10, he went up to 20×24″! I thought I would reference them here:

“In 2014, roughly carried out the same test and wrote about it as well. I did it mainly to prove to myself that print differences would be minor at best but also to help break down that psychological factor that prejudices photographers against m4/3 as smaller can’t possibly be any good. If you are interested here are the links.

http://www.thewanderinglensman.com/2014/02/the-practical-difference-between-full.html

http://www.thewanderinglensman.com/2014/02/the-practical-difference-part-2-between.html

Thanks Dennis!

SLR Magic 8mm F4 for M43: Solid, Capable, Quirky and Really Fun

The SLR Magic 8mm F4 is an ultrawide, rectilinear lens for Micro 4/3 bodies offering 108 degrees angle of view at a very attractive price.  At 300-350 US dollars, it is significantly lower than most other decent quality ultrawides in any mount.
20170311_124109

There are two main discussions in this review. First, should you consider an ultrawide lens and second, how “good” is the SLR Magic 8mm option. To help answer the first question, I will show various techniques that can be used to make compelling photos with this type of lens. If you are drawn to the results and are further inspired to use one, then read on and see how the SLR Magic offering will meet your needs. Not only is the optical performance covered, but some very special handling considerations that you should be aware of.

First, a note on physical attributes:

  • Build Quality: The lens is all metal and very solid. The focussing and aperture rings operation with silky smoothness while offering an affirming degree of resistance. I feel the build quality is superior to the plastic barreled Olympus 25mm 1.8 and 45mm 1.8. To me, it is more in the leagues of the absolutely wonderful Olympus 75mm 1.8.
  • Size and weight: Small and light. Comparable to the Olympus 25mm 1.8 and 45mm 1.8. Marketed with emphasis in drone applications, it appears to have been designed with this in mind.

Download and Evaluate

To better evaluate the lens performance, feel free to download hi-res JPEGs (post processed in Lightroom and Silver Efex PRO) and RAW (.orf) files from this Google Drive link. Print them to however large you like, or try running the RAWs in your own photo editing software.

Is an Ultrawide Right for You?

When asked what ultrawide lenses are suited for, I believe many would  declare them as indispensible for landscape and architecture photography. After all, how else would you cover an expansive vista or tight interior quarters in a single frame? Yet, I believe this misses the point. An ultrawide is not about getting everything “all in”. Rather, it is about realizing it as tools of extreme visual exaggeration – namely wild perspective and exploded perception of depth. It is a lens that takes much practice and patience to use effectively and different people may or may not take to the effects of such lenses.

So, rather than showing some “great shots” of the Grand Canyon or the interior of some museum, I will present some techniques to harness the visual exaggeration potentials of these lenses. Forget for a moment whether these are good pictures or not (I am learning myself). Rather, look at the effect for each technique and see if this is something of interest to you (if so, continue reading about performance, usage and conclusions).

Technique 1: Look Way Up

With an ultrawide lens on your camera for the first time, walk in any modern city and look up. You will be surprised how otherwise dull buildings laid out in neatly (and predictably) in blocks can form bizarre and aesthetically pleasing geometries. Move just a few meters away, rotate the camera and/or change the elevation and everything shape shifts in front of your eye. Keep on moving until you have an amazing composition – or give up and try at another location a few blocks away.

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Ottawa Looking Up – SLR Magic 8mm @ f5.6

Without looking through an ultrawide, I could have never imagined these buildings this. It is like a surprise every time you look up!

For the photo above, using Lightroom I masked the sky to make it pure white, bumped up the clarity and significantly reduced the blacks before converting to B+W with Silver Efex Pro.

Looking up is not restricted to cityscapes. It can be equally effective in forests:

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Mud Lake, Ottawa – SLR Magic 8mm f4 @ f8

 

Technique 2: Get Close to Something (and look up a bit)

An ultrawide lens is incredibly effective in getting ‘everything in’ a photo. Ironically, you have to fight to get ‘most everything out’ leaving only a few of the more important elements – especially when you first begin using such lenses. With this in mind ‘Get Close to Something (and look up a bit)’ is a technique that can be used break any ‘everything in’ tendency one might have.

It is quite simple – pick something close, and something far as the two main elements of the composition. Go very close to the first object and tilt the camera up to get rid of all the clutter on the ground (potentially, crouch down to lower yourself close to the surface).

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Nearby Lamb and distant Ottawa Parliment – SLR Magic 8mm @ f5.6

Parliament buildings (any parliament building) are often the subject of many average photos taken over and over again by vacationers. Hopefully, you agree I made Ottawa’s parliment more appealing with the use of this technique. In many of my ultrawide photos, I tend to do more extreme Lightroom manipulations than normal. In this case, I greatly darkened the blue sky, while  increasing the saturation of the building.

Another case in point is the photo of the tree in the forest below where a rather average trunk is made much more substantial than in reality:

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Tree and a Forest, Mud Lake (Ottawa) – SLR Magic 8mm @ f5.6

The trunk in the foreground is the ‘close element’ where as the forest is the distant element. As the trunk is so close, it really stands out because it is so large compared to the other trees in the distance. Again, tilting up a bit reduced the clutter on the ground. In Lightroom, the forest was darkened relative to the trunk before conversion to black and white using Silver Efex Pro.

Technique 3: Blur Imagination and Reality

Imagine a toy car can appearing as if were full-sized against a “real” house. An ultrawide greatly magnifies the perceived size of near by subjects relative to those in the background. Though it is surprisingly difficult make the toy look real, it is a lot of fun.

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Mercedes Benz – SLR Magic 8mm @ f11

The camera was positioned right on the ground very close to the Mercedes. A lot of time was spent finding a location where it appeared to be right in front of the garage, while making the size appear realistic. f11 was selected to increase the depth of field which is otherwise very shallow given the close distance (even for a 8mm lens).

Technique 4: Stretch and Pull a Large Object

Get close to a deep, wide and tall object with an ultrawide is like trying to tame a wild horse. Distance becomes elastic – stretching way beyond what looks real while angles collapse and curvatures become … more curvy. But, with skill and practice, and an eye for some latent feature, you can make an otherwise dull object, like the Honda Civic below, really shine. But, be forewarned, moving just a few centimeters can spoil an otherwise great photo!

P3100020.JPG

“Exaggerated” Honda Civic – SLR Magic 8mm @ f5.6

I must have spent around 5 minutes with my camera constrained to a small cube – going up/down, left/right, forward/back. The shape of the car was uncontrollably stretching with every slight move. Finally, I locked in dead center (for symmetry) at the most pleasing height and distance. The look, compared with reality, gives an elevated feeling of aggression and speed.

Performance Evaluation

Assuming you come to the conclusion of an ultrawide being good for you, the next step is to consider if the SLR Magic 8mm will meet your needs. Again, build quality if great, the price is right but what about performance?

Only you can assess whether this lens is good enough! Again, feel free to download the RAW and full-sized JPEGs from this Google Drive link so that you can better evaluate the results.

Resolution

At Distance

Two photos at every stop between f4 and f16 were taken of Ottawa’s parliament building.  The red squares indicate the approximate crop for the respective center and corner sharpness test.

resolutionTestPhotos

If the pictures above were printed to 8X10″, each crop would be roughly 1″ square.

Center Corner
f4  OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA  corner_f4.JPG
f5.6  OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA  corner_f56.JPG
f8  center_f8.JPG  corner_f8.JPG
f11  center_f11.JPG  corner_f11.JPG
f16  OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA  corner_f16.JPG

To my eyes, f5.6, f8 and f11 appear fairly close in center and corner sharpness. Wide open, at f4 and at f16, both center and corners are somewhat softer. Unless I need the speed, I would stick with either f5.6 or f8.

As you will read in the usage tips below, I recommend the use of focus peaking at all times with this lens.

Close Range

The nice thing about using a cat to test for close distance resolution is that there is always some fur that will be optimally focussed. And so, my cat Yoshi is always the subject of any new lenses I try.

Due to the 108 degree angle of view, the photo of Yoshi was taken at rather unbelievably close range (no more than 15cm). The sharpness at this distance can be gauged by the crop on the right:

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Yoshi Close-up @ f5.6

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Yoshi Close-up (cropped)

The crop reveals a decent amount of detail – more so than I would have expected for a lens in this price range. Though it is not quite as sharp as legendary lenses like the Olympus 75mm 1.8, it is quite sufficient.

Distortion

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Distortion sample

Ultrawide lenses are often used for architecture where the many straight lines of buildings and rooms are rendered without any noticeable curvature, or distortion.

Therefore, an important measure of rectilinear wide lenses, such as the SLR Magic 8mm, is how well distortion is corrected.

From the un-cropped (unfortunately rather boring) photo on the left, a sliver from the bottom of the frame was cropped to emphasise the degree of distortion at the extreme edge of the frame:

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Extent of barrel distortion – frame bottom of sample photo

Though some barrel distortion is visible, it is not too bad considering the difficulties correcting for distortion in ultrawide lenses. In Lightroom, the distortion can be corrected quite easily so that straight lines are once again straight. This is show in in the figure below:

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Corrected barrel distortion (Light Room: Lens Correction -> Manual -> Distortion -> +10)

The bottom line – distortion of the SLR Magic 8mm is quite well controlled. In normal applications, it will hardly be noticeable. For architecture photos, visible distortions can be easily corrected. In fact, it appears lower than the well rated and expensive Olympus 7-14mm 2.8 which relies on software to reduce distortion to -2.7% from a whopping -8%.

Light Falloff

Photographing a white sheet of paper at various apertures gives a reasonable indication of light fall off:

8mmVignetting

Light Falloff at Various Apertures (focussed at infinity)

Light falloff at f4 is quite pronounced – particularly at the extreme corners. It is much improved by f5.6 and further improved at f8. Though ultrawide lenses typically have a fair bit of falloff, I don’t have other lenses in this focal length range to compare with.

In the end, does it really matter? At f5.6 and beyond, I do not find the falloff obtrusive to the point I have to do Lightroom corrections. At f4, some Lightroom corrections might be warranted (though in reality, I edge burn a lot of photos anyways, so some light fall off can be beneficial).

Extremely Important Usage Tips

This is where we discuss the quirks of the lens. If you purchase one, I suspect you might be disappointed if you don’t read the following.

Focus Peaking is Your Friend

Even with its huge depth of field, it is difficult to focus any ultrawide accurately with just the electronic viewfinder. The resolution is just not enough to discern what is in focus verses slight out of focus.

focusPeaking

Focus Peaking – Green bin in focus…

Use of focus peaking with this lens is highly recommended – though this might seem somewhat counter intuitive due to the enormous depth of field offered by 8mm lenses.

Focusing is still a challenge with focus peaking. Due to huge depth of field, the highlighted “peaks” (suggesting sharp focus) extend over a long range. While observing the point of desired focus, I find it necessary to focus back and forth to find the point where the peak markings are the fattest.

NOTE: On my OM-D E-M1, I configure the conveniently located Fn1 button as the focus peaking toggle.

Focus at Infinity, but not Beyond…

There have been quite a few reports online with dissatisfied users were complaining of poor resolution overall. I believe I have an explanation. When focus was adjusted at the infinity marker (where it mechanically stops), distant objects were unusually blurry – suggesting the lens actually focussed beyond infinity. Using focus peaking I achieve much sharper result even even for very distant subjects (the focus setting ends up signficantly less than infinity). The crops below (about 15% of the picture height), explain it all:

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Focus @infinity mark – f4

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Focus < infinity, using focus peaking – f4

The clock on the right is satisfactorily sharp, even with the lens wide open.

One might think such a wide angle lens would have such enormous depth of field that it shouldn’t matter. Once again, I maintain that with this lens, focus peaking is truly your friend.

Focus AND aperture adjustment

When you adjust the focus ring, everything else in front rotates. This includes the aperture ring. Even though the aperture value is unchanged, it is a bit ‘different’ that they both rotate in unison

The lens is tiny, and so are the focus and aperture rings. Though there is a small silver knob to facilitate focusing, adjusting the aperture is somewhat difficult due to limited space. If, after focussing, you need to change the aperture, tighten the ‘lock’ screw to ensure focus does not change.

It is not a huge deal – I usually just keep the lens pinned at f5.6 or 8 as it offers optimal performance and since the difference in-depth of field is not huge at differing apertures.

Verdict

If the photos produced by ultrawide lenses are appealing, and you have the patience to ‘tame’ this rather challenging focal length then an ultrawide might be a good choice.

In my opinion, the SLR Magic 8mm f4 is a very compelling considering the following:

  • Price – It is very reasonably priced, especially compared to the alternatives such as the Panasonic / Olympus 7-14mm lenses.
  • Mechanical Quality – It is lovely.
  • Optical Quality – Resolution is actually quite good between 5.6 and 11. My normal print sizes are 8X10″, and I do not see less detail compared to pictures taken with the incredibly sharp Olympus 45 and 75mm lenses. Once again, feel free to see for yourself by downloading and working with the RAW files / JPEG’s  used this Google Drive  link. Distortion is reasonable, especially as an ultrawide lens. Light falloff is there, but once again at 5.6 and beyond it is reasonable (at least for me).
  • Handling – If speed is not of the essence, and you are comfortable in using focus peaking, then there should be no issues. But, don’t expect to operate as fast as an autofocus lens! Size is tiny and weight is low, so it is nothing to take this lens with you everywhere.

Bottom line – I feel this lens is a highly recommended if you:

  • Do not want to spend huge amounts of money.
  • Don’t need a zoom.
  • Can live without autofocus.
  • Do not need a wider aperture.

I will now share why I personally bought the lens

I tend to use short to medium telephotos about 75% of the time, and a normal lens for the greater part of what remains. In other words, I do not use wide angles lenses too much and certainly could not justify purchasing something like the Olympus 7-14mm.

BUT…. I am going to the Grand Canyon and Death Valley in May and decided an ultrawide would be nice because I have seen so many amazing photos made with this type of lens. It is because of the low price that I bought the SLR Magic 8mm. If it didn’t come out, I simply would not have bought one of the more expensive alternatives.

Now that I have it, I am really happy to have it. It is really an eye opener to use ultrawide lenses, especially being more accustomed to longer focal lengths. Though I am still learning how to handle this focal length, I have to say the whole learning process is really quite fun.

Let me know if you have any questions – I will try to answer them.

Also, check out the SLR Magic 8mm f4 group on Flickr.

One more photo for the road:

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Suspended Leaf – SLR Magic 8mm @ f8

A Deep Cooling Effect

Increased differentiation between the subject with the rest of the picture is commonly achieved with narrowed depth of field, or by changing the luminosity of the subject relative to the rest of the photo through post-processing techniques like vignetting or selective brightness manipulations with an adjustment brush.

Making use of colour temperature manipulation is another subject isolation technique I sometimes use. For example, in the photo on the left, I find the squirrel blends in too much with the rest of the picture (evidently, evolution favours squirrels that are camouflaged with the forest). On the right, I used the Lightroom Adjustment Brush to cool the background by (1) Masking everything save for the squirrel and the main branch and (2) Sliding the Adjustment Brush “Temp” slider to -5 (i.e. 5 units cooler).

The slight cooling of the background better isolates the squirrel while providing a bit of depth to the photo.

Some notes on my application of this technique:

  •  I typically go for subtle treatment. Though side by side the manipulation is apparent, the picture on the right would not appear abnormal in isolation.
  • I tend reserve warmth for the subject, while cooling the rest. There is no reason this could not be reversed….

Hopefully this opens up some new ways of working with your photos!

Low Light Noise Performance – Can m43 Embarrass Full Frame?

Conventional wisdom states that in low light situations m43 cameras are inferior to their full frame counterparts because more noise is evident at higher ISO settings. This argument is flawed because, for a given amount of light, it assumes both camera types would need to be set with the same shutter, aperture and (hence) ISO.

For a particular ISO, there is not question that noise tends to increase as the sensor size (and hence pixel dimensions) shrink. Some claim that a m43 sensor is about “2 stops” noisier than the full frame equivalent. As such, a m43 sensor at ISO800 would be expected to produce noise roughly on par with a full frame sensor at ISO3200. This is simply physics and can be accepted as true.

That all being said….

Technologies found in many m43 cameras, and the sensor size itself,  enable significantly lower ISO settings than that on a full frame camera in the same situation. In fact, we will see scenarios where ISO can be reduced 2 stops or more to effectively eliminate the “2 stop noise advantage” offered by full frame sensors.

Case 1 – Technology removes the shakes

Irrespective of sensor size, many lenses and some bodies incorporate image stabilization technologies. Not all technologies are equally effective, however. Anyone doing a bit of research will reach the conclusion that Olympus’ IBIS (in body image stabilization) is leaps ahead of the in-lens stabilization technologies found in (many, but not all) larger sensors lenses (in fact, it is also considered more effective than the Sony A7ii IBIS).

How effective is the Olympus’ stabilization? Take a look at the photo below hand-held at 1/6s. The absence of any sign of camera shake is quite incredible. It is even more amazing because it was taken with a 75mm lens (150mm equivalent angle of view on full frame bodies).

Apartment in KrakowApartment in Krakow – m.Zuiko 75mm 1:1.8 – 1/6s @ 1.8 ISO800 HAND HELD

Two things two consider:

  • With a full frame camera and a 150mm lens would anyone expect to get a decently sharp photo at 1/6s? Even with an in-lens stabilizer, I suspect it would be difficult to  achieve the same results at 1/25s – two stops faster. If the full frame lens has no stabilizer, then the golden rule of thumb dictates 1/150s minimum shutter to avoid camera shake which will require an ISO increase of about 4.5 stops
  • Second, I am not aware of many full frame lenses offering f1.8 at 150mm. If you are lucky, f2.8 is the max. In order to compensate, another 1 stop ISO increase is required.

In summary, the IBIS technology in Olympus cameras is key to sharp photos several stops slower than that of full frame counterparts. To compensate, the full frame camera will require several stops higher ISO. Though a lessor argument, m43 offers some telephoto primes with extremely wide apertures that simply do not exist in larger formats. This further allows lower ISO settings. The full frame noise advantage is essentially lost. 

And, the technology is improving – though perhaps lucky, this  Russian photographer’s blog documents sharp handheld photos at 15s using the new OM-D E-M1ii and 12-100mm f4.0 lens (with its own stabilization).

Case 2 – More depth of field can be good

Razor-thin depth of field lovers correctly state that m43 photos have 2 stops increase in depth of field compared to shooting with a full framed camera at the same aperture for identical angle of views. So, an m43 camera with a 25mm lens at f2.0 will have the same depth of field as a full frame camera with a 50mm lens at f4.0 (2 stops smaller).

Irrespective of whether you like razor-thin depth of field or not (I certainly do not), take a look at the photo below. It simply will not work with less depth of field, and could probably benefit from more.

Apartment in KrakowYoshi – m.Zuiko 12-40mm 1:2.8 – 32mm 1/40s @ f8.0 ISO 1600

Even with my m43 body, a relatively small f8.0 aperture was used at 32mm. On a full frame body, f16 would be required to maintain the same depth of field (i.e. two stops slower). To compensate, either the shutter is reduced to 1/10s or the ISO is increased to 6400. Lowering the shutter speed is not an option. Even if the camera was on a tripod to reduce shake, the photo is of a cat and cats move. Therefore, the ISO on a full frame camera would need to be increased 2 stops to provide the same depth of field necessary for this photo. Again, the full frame noise advantage is essentially lost.

In conclusion…

For a given ISO setting m43 sensors tend to have about 2 stops more noise than full frame sensors. However, technologies found in m43 bodies and the 2 stop increase in depth of field resulting from the reduced sensor size create situation where ISO can be lowered for m43 cameras thereby eliminating much, if not all of the full frame noise advantage.

Do these capabilities carry over in all situations? Certainly not – sports photography, or anything requiring fast shutter speeds to freeze action, will put m43 at a disadvantage. If the subject is relatively stationary, or if it requires significant depth of field then m43 can be a very compelling option for low light photography. Of course, do not forget the m43 size and weight advantage when carrying your camera around during dark nights!

Does m43 really embarrass full frame in low light situations? I wouldn’t go that far, but certainly I would give m43 more consideration than it has thus far received for low light photography.

Why Buy: Olympus 40-150mm 1:4-5.6

The bad news is that the Olympus M.Zuiko 40-150mm 1:4-5.6 is a plasticky telephoto zoom with OK, but not spectacular performance.The  5.6 maximum aperture on the long end is quite slow.

The good new is that it can often be bought for a paltry $150US while offering a 80-300 mm full frame angle of view. It is also both extremely small and light.

So, over and above the low price, why should one consider 40-150mm 1:4-5.6?

Reason (1): It is not all that bad

In fact, below 100mm, it is actually decently sharp. The photo below (featured in my freely downloadable book “Pictures of People“) is a pretty good example of what can be done with this lens. It absolutely looks fine in an 8X10 print.

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Olympus 40-150mm 1:4.0-5.6 @ 58mm f8.0 1/160s

If you go in and pixel peep, you will surely find it less sharp than better (more expensive) lenses. But, if you saw it printed to 8X10 I seriously doubt you would think it come from something less than $200.

If you need more convincing:

Reason 2: It is unobtrusive, compact and light

At 190g and 8.31cm long it is an ideal travelling companion. You won’t even know it’s there! The importance of this cannot be underestimated when on the road. I feel sorry for people lugging around big monster full frame lenses and mega back packs to tote their gear. I have a small bag, and never go around with more than two lenses.

Reason 3: Finding to your focal lengths without breaking the bank

Though few photographers are truly polyvoant in their ability to make decent pictures with a wide range of focal lengths, I truly believe that most people will actually “gravitate” to a small range. I am a telephoto person and can’t make a decent photo with a wide angle lens to save my life. The question is – how do you find your focal length sweet spot and select the corresponding lenses without breaking the bank? You can start off with two ‘kit’ zooms, such as the m43 14-42mm and this 40-150mm lens and take lots of pictures. Put them in lightroom and rate the ones you like best. Then, using at your highly rated, look at the frequency of focal lenghs used. Once you understand this, you are in a position to buy the top notch, super sharp lens to match your style. If, for example, you find you use the 40-150mm 1:4/5.6 a lot, particularly beyond 100mm then the 40-150mm 2.8 could be a wise choice. If, on the other hand, you find a lot of usage between from wide angle up to 100mm, then perhaps the new Olympus 12-100mm 1:4 pro lens and a fast prime would be the only two lenses you really need. In this context, the inexpensive zooms like the 40-150mm 1:4.0/5.6 are tools to help you define those one or two high quality lenses you really need (verses buying them all).

How much do I use mine?

Right now, to be honest, not much. I used my 40-150mm 1:4/5.6 a lot when I first got it. But, following my own advince in “reason 3” I ended up purchasing an Olympus 45mm 1.8 and 75mm 1.8. I use these two lenses 75% of the time. It still use the 40-150mm, but mostly for those rare occasions when I need to go beyond 100mm. That being said, I don’t plan on selling it as it is still somewhat useful and still very fun to use!

Conclusions

Why buy? I view cheap lenses as discover tools that help you identify the one or two ‘expensive’ lenses that are best for the photographer. In this context, if you getting into photography I highly recommend starting with a lens like this. Being extremely compact while offering a decent magnification range makes it attractive for travel. Plus, it will not break the bank!

That all being said, lenses like the Olympus 75mm 1.8 are in a totally different league. Plus, more expensive lenses tend to be faster. So, once you are aware of your focal lenghs of preference, I would invest in the more expensive counterparts.

Free Download: “Pictures of People” Photo Book

picturesofpeoplecoverI hope you enjoy my first book “Pictures of People“. The  PDF version is free for your own personal use! The pictures in the book were taken in Peru, Krakow, Madrid, New York, Las Vegas and other places.

When viewing the PDF file in Acrobat Reader: To render the file like the physical book, select the ‘View’ menu, then ‘Page Display’ -> ‘Two Page View’. Also from ‘Page Display’, select ‘Show Cover Page in Two Page View’.

If you could, please write a comment on the photo you like best and perhaps the one you would drop if given a choice. Any other constructive criticism would be valued also.

Photos in the book were taken with my trusty Olympus OM-D E-M1. The cover photos are from film.

A hard copy may be ordred from Blurb by clicking on the link below. Apologies for any sticker shock that might result – Blurb photo books are not cheap (and I only added $2 profit). To be honest, I don’t really expect any sales. As suggested before, I would value your comments!